Varicose veins are dilated veins characterized by the inability to establish an effective return of the blood to the heart. The most common ones are those of the lower limbs.
Varicose veins are caused by an alteration of the venous valves, devices located within the lumen of the vein in the form of a double swallow nest that allows the unidirectional flow of blood towards the heart, which, in its turn, prevents the backflow of blood to the periphery (retrograde venous reflux). Varicose veins occur when the venous valves do not close properly, thus the blood begins to accumulate in the veins, causing them to dilate.
Varicose veins surgery is indicated in those varicose veins that have a larger caliber (truncal varicose veins) and that usually, besides the aesthetic issues, represent a health problem, too.
Why should we treat varicose veins surgically? Mainly for good looking legs. However, the treatment for varicose veins may have other purposes, too, such as:
- Pain relief when they disrupt daily life too much.
- Combat secondary edema that produces poor venous circulation.
- Prevent complications such as skin problems (ulcer, dermatitis).
- More rarely, remove clots formed inside the vein (superficial phlebitis).
- Improve aesthetics.
If you have varicose veins, but you fear surgery, do not be afraid: it is a relatively simple operation that has amazing results.
TYPE OF INTERVENTION: Surgical
TYPE OF ANESTHESIA: Epidural or spinal
AVERAGE SURGICAL TIME: 10 min – 1h (depending on the number and size of the varicose veins to be operated)
AVERAGE HOSPITALIZATION TIME: Some cases do not require hospitalization. In the worst case 24 h.
AVERAGE POST-DISCHARGE RECOVERY TIME: 1 month
LEVEL OF SATISFACTION: Very high